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As vaping technology advances vape mods are becoming more powerful, but that great new mod you just bought contains batteries, which if not cared for properly can become explosive and cause serious injury.
With the growth in popularity of high powered sub ohm vaping it is becoming increasingly important to not only know how to use your device safely, but how to care for and maintain your vape batteries.
Regardless of the vape type you are using, they all contain batteries with the potential for danger. Yet, while given the large numbers of people vaping around the world the rate of incidents has been very low, there have been a number of incidents resulting from the misuse of mods and poor quality merchandise.
AT OFRF we are committed to helping vape users enjoy a safe vaping experience so here's everything you need to know about battery safety to help you minimize risk when using your favorite vape mod.
So lets break down vape safety by device.
These devices are best for new-comers and rookies. They allow the user to make easy adjustments to wattage and voltage for an assortment of vaping experiences. The electronic circuitry embedded in good quality Regulated Mods are capable of accurate safety actions, such as preventing a short circuit that has the potential to damage your battery. However, this does not mean that they are immune to malfunction.
Regulated mods are equipped with either a disposable battery built into the device which is difficult to replace or removable batteries that can removed, recharged and/or replaced.
Each battery type has a set of safety precautions that you should follow.
Many Regulated Mods are equipped with fixed lithium polymer batteries, which are termed ‘disposable’ due to the fact that they are irreplaceable at the end of their lifetime (2-3 years on average).
Below are some safety measures to be kept in mind while using such mods:
The common type of rechargeable cells used in these mods are the cylindrical 18650 batteries. This system has proven to be more budget friendly as compared to the disposable one as you don’t need to spend money on buying another mod device when the battery lifespan is over. All you need to do is pull out the old batteries from your mod and insert fresh ones.
Below are some safety measures to be kept in mind while using such mods:
Mechanical Mods are better in the hands of experienced vapers. Unlike the Regulated Mod, there is no electronic circuitry involved in this build; therefore wattage and temperature outputs can only be controlled by coil resistance. All the power is directly sent to the coil, without any regulation, and it is for this reason that new-comers are advised to stay away from these devices. The main advantage of such a setup is that due to raw power, the device produces massive and tasty clouds.
When using these devices the same battery safety precautions listed above apply however it is also important to keep in mind the Ohm’s Law (explained later) and the below mention precautions:
Understanding Ohm’s law is a vital necessity for safe vape operation, especially in the case of Mechanical Mods. This formula relates to power, voltage, and current in one equation. The main aspect is the amperage, or rated current, of the battery which also can be understood as the amount of power it can deliver. If the rated current value is exceeded, and excessive power is drawn, the cell might leak and explode inside the device in mere seconds.
Firstly, note down the resistance of the coil and the voltage output of the battery pack (you can use a multi-meter for them). Then use the formula Current=Voltage/Resistance, and calculate the amps your coil will draw. This value should never exceed the maximum rating of your batteries; and if it does, replace the coil with a higher resistance value.
If you ignore this precautionary measure and blindly overpower your Mechanical Mod, you’re putting yourself at extreme risk. The device will short circuit and explode. If by mistake you overload the batteries, immediately disconnect them and dispose of in a safe place. Extra care should be taken while using the Sub-ohm system with Mechanical Mods, as this setup takes the power requirements to extreme limits.
A little precaution can take your vaping experience a long way. Even the best quality products can never be immune to failure and accidents, therefore taking necessary safety action is a vital pre-requisite to vaping.
For beginners, Regulated Mods are the best choice; while advanced vape users can choose anything from fixed battery mods, removable battery mods, to Mechanical Mods. Regardless of which category you fall into beginner or advanced vape user make sure you always do the following;
Firstly, be sure to buy good quality devices from trusted dealers, and always do a thorough research before making the purchase.
Secondly, religiously follow all the basic rules explained in detail in the earlier sections. Missing out even one can create the weakest link and cause trouble for you.
So now you have a guide to vape battery safety there's one more important component to vaping safety and that's knowing how to identify the health of your battery, how to maintain its health and when to replace it.
When it comes to the care and maintenance of lithium ion batteries the way you care for and charge your battery can have a significant impact on its overall health.
The older your battery becomes the more susceptible it becomes to the risk of potential overheating and explosion.
Let me explain.
A battery just like a vape coil has an internal resistance. While this resistance is tiny, usually around 0.02 ohms or less this resistance can heat up your battery when current is being drawn from it.
As the battery ages it experiences changes in its internal resistance and capacity with the internal resistance slowly increasing. This increased resistance causes the battery to get hotter, which in turn causes damage to the battery, which in turn increases the internal resistance making the battery get even hotter. This cycle continues until one of two things happen. Either the battery dies or the temperature gets so hot that the battery vents.
So what happens when your battery gets too hot and vents? It explodes!
The USFA explains;
During the typical failure mode for a lithium-ion battery, the electrolyte is heated to its boiling point, the internal pressure in the battery builds to a point where the seal at the end of the battery ruptures, and the pressure is abruptly released through the sealed end of the battery case.
So whats the best way to maintain your vape battery health and avoid premature battery degradation? Follow the general battery safety guidelines mentioned above and develop good recharging habits to increase your battery's lifespan by following the vape battery charging guidelines below.
When it comes to the question of how often you should charge your vape battery there is a lot of confusion, so what is the ideal approach to maintaining a good battery-life-to-battery-health ratio?
To clear things up, here's a few tips to extend your vape battery's health as much as possible. Here's the best way to maintain good battery health and increase lifespan.
Don't fully charge your battery. Lithium-ion batteries don't like to be fully charged to 100%. In fact, they prefer to be charged at between 40%-80%, so following this guideline will help you prolong battery health and life. . However, if you do charge your battery to 100%, don't leave it plugged in.
Perform shallow discharges. Lithium-ion battery life performs best when you discharge them for a little bit, then charge them for a little bit. According to Battery University, a partial discharge reduces stress and increases battery life.
To optimize your battery health and life they recommend performing discharges to 50% as opposed to small discharges to 90% or large discharges to 0% (since the 50% discharges provide the best number of cycles-to-usage ratio).
Fully discharge it once a month. While lithium ion batteries don't like to be discharged regularly most manufacturers recommend fully discharging your battery once a month to make sure battery life indicators stay accurate. .
The Wrap Up
While there are many factors that can effect your vape battery safety, taking good care of your device by following our battery safety and charging guidelines will go a long way to maintaining good battery health and minimizing the potential risks of battery explosion.